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This Day in History for July 26

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This Day In History1775 – US Continental Congress creates United States Post Office (U.S.P.O.) in Philadelphia under Benjamin Franklin.

1790 – US passes Assumption bill making US responsible for state debts.

1903 – 1st automobile trip across the United States (SF-NY) completed by Horatio Nelson Jackson and Sewall K. Crocker.

1908 – United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).

1916 – The US protests the ‘Blacklist’ issued by the British forbidding trade with some 30 US firms.

1926 – National Bar Association incorporates.

1933 – Joe DiMaggio ends 61 game hitting streak in Pacific Coast League.

1945 – Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII. Japanese government disregards US ultimatum.

1947 – President Truman signs National Security Act (1947), establishing Department of Defense, CIA, National Security Council and Joint Chiefs of Staff.

1948 – President Harry Truman issues Executive Order No. 9981 directing “equality of treatment & opportunity” in US armed forces.

1953 – Fidel Castro begins rebellion, the “26th of July Movement,” against Fulgenico Batista’s regime in Cuba.

1963 – US Syncom 2, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, launched.

1970 – Cincinnati Reds Johnny Bench hits 3 consecutive HRs off Philadelphia Phillies Steve Carlton.

1979 – Estimated 43 inches of rain falls in Alvin, TX (national record).

1987 – Catfish Hunter, Billy Williams & Ray Dandridge inducted in Baseball Hall of Fame.

1990 – US President George H.W. Bush signs Americans With Disabilities Act.

1992 – Nolan Ryan strikes out his 100th batter for 23rd consecutive seasons.

1998 – 19th US Senior Golf Open: Hale Irwin.

2005 – Space Shuttle program: STS-114 Mission – Launch of Discovery, NASA’s first scheduled flight mission after the Columbia Disaster in 2003.

2014 – The Chinese government suspends the operations of a Shanghai meat dealer and makes arrests after the company sold out-of-date meat to fast food chains, including McDonalds and Kentucky Fried Chicken.