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This Day in History for August 1

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This Day In History1789 – US Customs begins enforcing Tariff Act.

1855 – Castle Clinton in NYC opens as 1st US receiving station for immigrants.

1873 – San Francisco’s 1st cable car begins service.

1907 – U.S. Army Signal Corps establish a small Aeronautical Division.

1927 – Earliest date for a film to be considered for the Academy Awards.

1941 – The first Jeep is produced.

1944 – Adam Clayton Powell 1st African-American congressman from New York.

1947 – “Medium & The Telephone” opens at Barrymore Theater NYC for 211 performances.

1950 – 1st Major League baseball player to fight in Korea (Curt Simmons).

1958 – US 1st class postage up to 4 cents (had been 3 cents for 26 years).

1960 – Chubby Checker releases “The Twist”.

1964 – Beatles’ single “A Hard Day’s Night” goes #1 & stays for 2 weeks.

1972 – 1st article exposing Watergate scandal (Bernstein-Woodward).

1977 – Former Lockheed U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers crashes the news helicopter he was flying in Los Angeles.

1986 – Bert Blyleven becomes 10th pitcher to strike out 3,000.

1990 – “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof” closes at Eugene O’Neill Theater NYC after 149 performances.

1993 – Reggie Jackson enshrined in Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY.

2000 – First patient to receive the Jarvik 2000, the first total artificial heart that can maintain blood flow in addition to generating a pulse.

2001 – Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office.

2014 – USA and UN announce a 72 hour ceasefire between Israel and Palestine, though it quickly breaks down.