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This Day in History April 19

1775—Minuteman Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon.

1782—John Adams secures Dutch Republic’s recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

1861—Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)

1897—1st American marathon ran, John J. McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston)

1900—Highest scoring opening baseball game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10 innings.

1906—San Francisco ends, killing 452.

1911—George Bernard Shaw’s Fanny’s First Play” premieres in London.

1932—President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week.

1933—FDR announces US will leave gold standard.

1934—Shirley Temple appears in her first movie, “Stand Up & Cheer.”

1945—Rodgers & Hammerstein musical “Carousel” opens on Broadway.

1948—ABC-TV network begins.

1951—Gen. Douglas MacArthur ends his military career.

1955—The German automaker Volkswagon, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagon of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.

1960—Baseball uniforms begin displaying players’ names on their backs.

1967—Beatles sign a contract to stay together for 10 years. (they don’t)

1973—Barbara Streisand records “Between Yesterday & Tomorrow”

1982—Sally Ride announced as 1st woman astronaut.

1986—Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.

1993—South Dakota governor George Mickelson and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crashed lands in Iowa.

2011—Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba’s central committee after 45 years of holding the title.

2013—Boston bombing suspects killed and captured in Boston after 4 days.

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