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This Day in History for April 19

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1861 – President Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)

1906 – San Francisco earthquake ends killing 452.

1924 – “National Barn Dance” premieres on WLS, Chicago.

1927 – Actress Mae West found guilty of “obscenity and corrupting the morals of youth” in a New York stage play entitled “Sex”.  She is sentenced to 10 days in prison and fined $500, the resulting publicity launches her Hollywood career.

1932 – President Herbert Hoover suggests 5-day work week.

1933 – FDR announces US will leave gold standard.

1945 – Rodgers & Hammerstein musical “Carousel” opens on Broadway.

1945 – US aircraft carrier Franklin heavily damaged in Japanese air raid.

1948 – American Broadcasting Company (ABC) TV network debuts.

1951 – General Douglas MacArthur ends his military career.

1955 – The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealers and service network.

1963 – Johnny Cash releases his single “Ring of Fire” written by his future wife June Carter and Merle Kilgore.

1967 – Beatles sign a contract to stay together for 10 years (they don’t)

1971 – Charles Manson sentenced to life in prison for the murder of Sharon Tate.

1982 – Sally Ride is named the 1st American woman astronaut.

1991 – Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990.

1995 – Oklahoma City bombing Timothy McVeigh sets a truck bomb at Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, killing 168 and injuring 500.

2011 – Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba’s central committee after 45 years of holding the title.

2017 – Fox News confirms they would belting go of Bill O’Reilly after allegations of sexual harassment.

2018 – Senator Tammy Duckworth (Illinois) is the first parent to bring a baby into the US Senate, a day after the Senate votes to allow babies on the chamber’s floor.

2020 – US Covid-19 death toll passes 40,000 with 742,442 cases recorded according to John Hopkins tally.

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