1635 – Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded.
1861 – Robert E. Lee named Commander of Virginia Confederate forces (Civil War)
1900 – 1st known occurrence of word “hillbillie” (New York Journal)
1914 – Major League Baseball’s Chicago Federals host the Kansas City Packers in the 1st game played at Weeghman Park (now Wrigley Field)
1931 – Gangster film “The Public Enemy” starring James Cagney and Jean Harlow premieres.
1940 – Dance hall fire kills 198 in Natchez, Mississippi.
1943 – British & US offensive directed at Tunis and Bizerta.
1949 – Courtesy mail boxes for motorists started in San Francisco.
1950 – 1st major league day game completed under lights (Phils 6, Braves 5)
1954 – Hammerin’ Hank Aaron hits 1st of his 755 homers.
1961 – Singer Judy Garland appears in concert at Carnegie Hall, NYC; event is recorded for a double live album, wins Grammy Award for Album of the Year (the first such win by a female artist)
1968 – United Methodist Church forms.
1978 – Reds Joe Morgan ends record streak of 91 consecutive errorless games at 2nd base.
1985 – New Coke debuts; Coca-Cola announced it is changing its secret flavor formula.
1988 – Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hours or less.
1995 – President Bill Clinton declares a national day of mourning for Oklahoma City.
2009 – Gamma ray burst (GRM) 090423 is observed for 10 seconds, the most distant object of any kind and also the oldest known object in the universe.
2020 – German Chancellor Angela Merkel warns this is “not the end phase but still the beginning” of the COVID-19 pandemic.
2020 – President Donald Trump suggests COVID-19 might be treated by injecting disinfectant or UV lights into a human body at a White House press briefing. Government officials and disinfectant companies quickly state doing so is not only extremely dangerous, but potentially deadly.