1776 – American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.
1821 – Missouri admitted as 22nd US state.
1846 – US Act of Congress passes establishing the Smithsonian Institution, now world’s largest museum and research complex.
1889 – Dan Rylands patents screw cap.
1900 – 1st Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles at Longwood Cricket Club in Boston, Massachusetts (3-0).
1921 – FDR stricken with polio at summer home on Canadian Island of Campobello.
1932 – A 5.1-kg (11.2-pound) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
1945 – Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged.
1948 – Allen Funt’s “Candid Camera” TV debut on ABC.
1949 – US National Military Establishment renamed Department of Defense.
1960 – Los Angeles premiere of Alfred Hitchcock’s “Psycho” starring Anthony Perkins and Janet Leigh.
1975 – 57th PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 276 at Firestone Akron.
1975 – David Frost purchases exclusive rights to interview President Nixon.
1977 – Postal employee David Berkowitz arrested in Yonkers, NY, accused of being “Son of Sam” 44 caliber killer.
1981 – Richard Nixon Museum in San Clemente closes.
1985 – Michael Jackson buys ATV Music (every Beatle song) for $47 million.
1994 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice.
1997 – Atlanta Braves sign Greg Maddux to record 5 year, $575 million deal.
2014 – Unrest breaks out in Ferguson, Missouri after the death of African American Michael Brown by a policeman.
2015 – Google announces its restructure as Alphabet, a holding company with Google, YouTube, Android and Chrome as subsidiaries.