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This Day In History1622 – John Mason and Ferdinando Gorges receive a land patent of the Province of Maine.

1776 – American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.

1821 – Missouri admitted as 22nd US state.

1846 – US Act of Congress passes establishing the Smithsonian Institution, now world’s largest museum and research complex.

1889 – Dan Rylands patents screw cap.

1900 – 1st Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles at Longwood Cricket Club in Boston, Massachusetts (3-0).

1921 – FDR stricken with polio at summer home on Canadian Island of Campobello.

1932 – A 5.1-kg (11.2-pound) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.

1945 – Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged.

1948 – Allen Funt’s “Candid Camera” TV debut on ABC.

1949 – US National Military Establishment renamed Department of Defense.

1960 – Los Angeles premiere of Alfred Hitchcock’s “Psycho” starring Anthony Perkins and Janet Leigh.

1975 – 57th PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 276 at Firestone Akron.

1975 – David Frost purchases exclusive rights to interview President Nixon.

1977 – Postal employee David Berkowitz arrested in Yonkers, NY, accused of being “Son of Sam” 44 caliber killer.

1981 – Richard Nixon Museum in San Clemente closes.

1985 – Michael Jackson buys ATV Music (every Beatle song) for $47 million.

1994 – Ruth Bader Ginsburg sworn in as US Supreme Court Justice.

1997 – Atlanta Braves sign Greg Maddux to record 5 year, $575 million deal.

2014 – Unrest breaks out in Ferguson, Missouri after the death of African American Michael Brown by a policeman.

2015 – Google announces its restructure as Alphabet, a holding company with Google, YouTube, Android and Chrome as subsidiaries.