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This Day in History for August 7

1782 – George Washington creates the Purple Heart medal (original name Badge of Military Merit) as commander of the Continental Army.

1882 – Hatfields of south West Virginia and McCoys of east Kentucky feud, 100 wounded or die.

1904 – Train derails on bridge in Eden, Colorado, during a flash flood, kills 96.

1912 – Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for US President.

1927 – Peace Bridge between US and Canada dedicated.

1939 – Millionaire Howard Hughes is presented with a Congressional Gold Medal.

1942 – 1st American offensive in Pacific in WWII, Guadalcanal, Solomon Island.

1944 – IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I)

1953 – Eastern Airlines enters jet age, uses electra prop-jet.

1955 – Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering, the precursor to Sony, begins its first transistor radios in Japan.

1957 – Congress passes the Civil Rights Act of 1957.

1959 – Explorer 6 transmits 1st TV photo of Earth from space.

1963 – Jacqueline Kennedy becomes 1st US First Lady to give birth (Patrick Kennedy) since Mrs. Cleveland.

1964 – US Congress approves Gulf of Tonkin resolution.

1970 – Shootout at Marin Courthouse in San Rafael, California, kills 4, including the presiding judge.

1981 – “The Washington Star” ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.

1989 – U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.

1990 – US deploys troops to Saudi Arabia beginning Operation Desert Shield.

1997 – STS 85 (Discovery 23) launches into orbit.

2018 – Mendocino Fire becomes the largest recorded fire in California’s history at 190,600 acres, overtaking 2017 Thomas Fire.

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