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This Day In History1782 – George Washington creates the Purple Heart medal (original name Badge of Military Merit) as commander of the Continental Army.

1882 – Hatfields of south West Virginia & McCoys of east Kentucky feud, 100 wounded or die.

1909 – US issues 1st Lincoln penny.

1929 – Babe Ruth ties record by hitting grand slams in consecutive games.

1939 – Millionaire Howard Hughes is presented with a Congressional Gold Medal.

1942 – 1st American offensive in Pacific in WWII, Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands.

1946 – 1st US commemorative coin of an African American, Booker T. Washington (half dollar).

1953 – Eastern Airlines enters jet age, uses Electra prop-jet.

1959 – The Lincoln Memorial design on the U.S. penny goes into circulation. It replaces the “sheaves of wheat” design.

1961 – Soviet premier Khrushchev predicts USSR economy will surpass US.

1963 – Jacqueline Kennedy becomes 1st US First Lady to give birth (Patrick Kennedy) since Mrs. Cleveland.

1970 – 1st computer chess tournament.

1972 – Hall of Fame inducts Yogi Berra, Sandy Koufax, Lefty Gomez & Early Wynn.

1977 – “Shenandoah” closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 1,050 performances.

1981 – The Washington Star ceases all operations after 128 years of publication.

1989 – U.S. Congressman Mickey Leland (D-TX) and 15 others die in a plane crash in Ethiopia.

1990 – Operation Desert Shield begins – US deploys troops to Saudi Arabia.

1997 – STS 85 (Discovery 23) launches into orbit.

2007 – “Eclipse” 3rd book in Stephenie Meyer’s “Twilight Saga” is published by Little Brown – initial print run 1 million copies.

2010 – Jerry Rice is inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame

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