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This Day in History for December 12

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1800 – Washington, D.C., established as the capital of the United States of America.

1874 – Hawaii King David Kalakaua is 1st king to visit the US as guest of Ulysses S. Grant at 1st US state dinner at the White House.

1914 – The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%.

1917 – Rev. Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Nebraska.

1925 – Arthur Heinman coins term “motel”, opens Motel Inn, San Luis Obispo.

1937 – Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)

1946 – ‘Tide’ detergent introduced.

1946 – UN accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D. Rockefeller, Jr.

1950 – Baseball owners vote to drop 4-year old bonus & high school rule.

1957 – US announces manufacture of Borazon (harder than diamond)

1963 – Frank Sinatra, Jr. returned after being kidnapped.

1970 – Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 42 launched to study X-rays.

1976 – QB Joe Namath last game as a NY Jet.

1980 – Apple makes its initial public offering on the US stock market – 28 years later it would become the first US company valued at over $1 trillion.

1995 – Amendment to make it illegal to physically desecrate the flag turned down by senate 63-36 (need 2/3 vote)

2013 – United States announces sanctions on the two dozen companies who assisted Iran with their nuclear program.

2017 – Democrat Doug Jones defeats Republican Roy Moore for Alabama Senate seat in upset win marked by allegations of sexual misconduct against Moore.

2018 – Michael Cohen, former lawyer for US President Donald Trump sentenced to three years in prison for campaign-finance violations and tax fraud.

2018 – American Media, Inc., publisher of “National Enquirer” admits paying hush money to mistresses of US President Donald Trump.