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This Day in History for December 16

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1773 – Boston tea party incident – Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbor in protest against British imposed Tea Act.

1835 – Fire consumes over 600 buildings in NYC.

1897 – 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated.

1900 – A National Civic Federation is formed in the US to arbitrate labor disputes.

1907 – As a gesture of the US’s new presence as a world power, President Theodore Roosevelt sends the ‘Great White Fleet’ on a round-the-world cruise, visiting ports internationally.

1913 – Charlie Chaplin begins his film career at Keystone for $150 a week.

1924 – Hiram Bingham is elected as a Republican to serve in the US Senate forcing him to resign as Governor of Connecticut after serving only one day in office, the shortest term of any Connecticut Governor.

1930 – Golfer Bobby Jones is the first to win the James E. Sullivan Award (best US amateur golfer)

1937 – Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from American federal prison Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.

1945 – National Football League Championship, Cleveland Rams beat Washington Redskins, 15-14, last game before Rams move west to Los Angeles.

1950 – US President Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against “Communist imperialism”

1950 – Child star Shirley Temple announces her retirement from films, age 22.

1953 – 1st White House Press Conference (President Eisenhower & 161 reporters)

1960 – TWA 266 & United 826 collide over Staten Island, kills 134.

1962 – “Lawrence of Arabia” film directed by David Lean and starring Peter O’Toole, is released in the United States.

1969 – “Hello Dolly” with Barbara Streisand premiers.

1978 – Ronald Reagan denounces President Jimmy Carter’s recognition of People’s Republic of China.

1982 – The Federal Reserve announces that the operating capacity of factories has gone down to 67.8%.

2009 – Ben Bernanke, Chair of the US Federal Reserve is named Time’s Person of the Year for rescuing the global economy from the Great Recession.

2015 – US Federal Reserve raises interest rates by 0.25% for the first time since 2006.