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This Day in History for December 8

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1863 – Abraham Lincoln issues his Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of the South.

1886 – American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 crafts Samuel Gompers elected AFL president.

1909 – Bird banding society founded.

1930 – Cole Porter’s musical “The New Yorkers” opens at B.S. Moss’s Broadway Theatre, NYC, runs for 169 performances.

1936 – NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black & white teachers.

1940 – National Football League Championship, Grifith Stadium, Washington, D.C.: Chicago Bears beat Washington Redskins, 73-0; most one-sided victory in NFL history, first NFL game broadcast on national radio.

1941 – US President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers “Day of Infamy” speech to US Congress a day after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

1946 – US Army rocket plane XS-1 makes 1st powered flight.

1952 – 1st TV acknowledgement of pregnancy (I Love Lucy).

1956 – Guy Mitchell’s “Singing the Blues” single goes #1 for 10 weeks.

1963 – Frank Sinatra, Jr. is kidnapped at Harrah’s Lake Tahoe (Nevada)

1972 – United Airlines crashes at Chicago’s Midway Airport killing 45.

1982 – Norman Mayer holds Washington Monument hostage, demanding an end to nuclear weapons..Is killed by police after 10 hours (he had no explosives)

1984 – Australian Open Women’s Tennis: Chris Evert-Lloyd beats Helena Sukova 6-7, 6-1, 6-3; continues streak of winning at least 1 major per year since 1973.

1987 – US President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev sign a treaty eliminating medium range nuclear missiles.

1994 – Dow Jones hits record 3734.53.

2007 – 73rd Heisman Trophy Award: Tim Tebow, Florida (QB)

2010 – With the second launch of SpaceX Dragon, SpaceX becomes the first privately held company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft.

2018 – US President Donald Trump announces John Kelly will be stepping down as White House Chief of Staff at the end of the year.

2020 – The UK begins vaccinating for COVID-19 using the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine