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This Day in History for February 19

1856 – Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambler, Ohio.

1878 – Thomas Edison is granted a patent for his gramophone (phonograph)

1906 – Will Keith Kellogg and Charles D. Bolin found the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company, now the multinational food manufacturer.

1913 – 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box.

1929 – Medical diathermy machine 1st used, Schenectady, NY.

1934 – US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months.

1942 – FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-American.

1942 – NY Yankees announce 5,000 uniformed soldiers admitted free at each of their upcoming home games.

1945 – US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines.

1953 – Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board.

1963 – USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba.

1968 – “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood” debuts on NET (now PBS)

1974 – 1st American Music Awards: Helen Reddy & Jim Groce win.

1983 – Fernando Valenzuela wins his salary arbitration of $1 million.

1985 – Canned & bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola.

1987 – US President Reagan lifts trade boycott against Poland.

1989 – 31st Daytona 500: Darrell Waltrip wins when Hendrick Racing team decides to use fuel strategy, being the only car not to pit in the closing laps.

1997 – FCC makes available 311 for non-emergency calls & 711 for hearing or speech-impaired emergency calls.

2006 – 48th Daytona 500: Jimmie Johnson driving for Hendrick Motorsports wins 203 lap race; goes on to win his first championship.

2019 – Bernie Sanders announces he is running for President for a second time.

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