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This Day in History for February 23

1813 – 1st US raw cotton-to-cotton mill founded in Waltham, Massachusetts.

1886 – Aluminum manufacturing process developed.

1896 – Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield.

1916 – US Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin.

1921 – 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco.

1938 – Joe Louis retains his world heavyweight boxing title by knocking out Nathan Mann in round 3 at Madison Square Garden, New York.

1939 – 11th Academy Awards: “You Can’t Take It With You”, Spencer Tracy & Bette Davis wins.

1940 – Walt Disney’s animated movie “Pinocchio” released.

1945 – US Marines raise American flag on top of Mr. Suribachi, Iwo Jima.  Photo of which Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture.

1954 – 1st mass inoculation against polio, with the Jonas Salk vaccine takes place at Arsenal Elementary School in Pittsburgh.

1964 – 6th Daytona 500: Race winner Richard Petty leads for record 184 of the 200 laps.

1973 – Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London.

1983 – USFL New Jersey Generals sign Heisman Trophy winner Herschel Walker to a then massive 3-year, $5 million deal.1995 – do

1988 – Chicago gives Cubs right to install lights & play up to 18 night games.

1991 – UNC is 1st NCAA basketball team to win 1,500 games.

1995 – Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for 1st time (4,003.33)

2005 – Slovakia Summit 2005 begins, marking the first occasion when a sitting American president visits Slovakia; George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin are in attendance.

2014 – 56th Daytona 500: Dale Earnhardt, Jr. breaks a 55-race winless streak to win his 2nd Great American Race.

2016 – US primary elections: Nevada Republican Primary – Donald Trump wins with 45.9%.

2020 – China’s Supreme Leader Xi Jinping describes the country’s COVID-19 outbreak as China’s largest health emergency since 1949.

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