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This Day in History for July 14

1798 – 1st direct US federal tax on states-on dwellings, land and slaves.

1853 – US President Franklin Pierce opens World Fair-Exhibition of the Industry of All Nations in New York.

1870 – The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year.

1914 – Robert Goddard is granted the first patent for liquid-fueled rocket design.

1927 – 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii.

1940 – Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps.

1945 – Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan.

1946 – Dr Benjamin Spock’s “Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care” published.

1946 – Cleveland Indians Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles & HR but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 HRs with 8 RBIs.

1951 – 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS horse race)

1953 – First US national monument dedicated to a black American, to preserve the boyhood home of agricultural scientist and inventor George Washington Carver in Newton County, Missouri.

1966 – Richard Speck rapes and kills 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory.

1968 – Braves’ Hank Aaron hit his 500th HR off SF Giant Mike McCormick.

1969 – The United States $500, #1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.

1975 – EPCOT Center (Florida) plans announced.

1977 – US House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.

1983 – US politician Crane (Rep-R-II) and Studds (Rep-D-Mass) admit to sex with pages.

1992 – 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz, starting the open source operating system revolution. Linus Torvalds released “Linux” soon afterwards.

2010 – 18th ESPY Awards: Drew Brees, Lindsey Vonn win.

2019 – US President Donald Trump ignites racial controversy by tweeting four Democrat women of color “go back and help fix the totally broken and crime infested places from which they came”

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