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This Day in History For July 20

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1868 – 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes.

1890 – Snow and hail in Calais, Maine.

1907 – A train wreck on the Pere Marquette Railroad near Salem, Michigan kills thirty and injures seventy more.

1917 – WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn.

1926 – A convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests.

1940 – Billboard publishes its 1st singles record chart (#1 is “I’ll Never Smile Again” by Tommy Dorsey)

1944 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sunk by US air attack.

1950 – “Arthur Murray Party” premieres on ABC TV (later DuMont, CBS, NBC)

1960 – 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)

1964 – 1st surfin’ record to go #1 – Jan & Dean’s “Surf City”

1969 – Apollo II lunar module carrying Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin lands on the surface of the Moon; Aldrin and Armstrong walk on the moon seven hours later; Michale Collins remains in orbit in the lunar module.

1973 – The US Senate passes the War Powers Act.

1976 – Hank Aaron hits 755th and last home run off Angels Dick Drago.

1977 – The Central Intelligence Agency releases documents under the Freedom of Information Act revealing it had engaged in mind control experiments.

1984 – Vanessa Williams is asked to resign as Miss America due to publications of nude photos of her.

1994 – Former NFL running back, broadcaster and actor O.J. Simpson offers $500,000 reward to evidence of ex-wife’s killer.

1997 – British Open Men’s Golf, Royal Troon: American Justin Leonard recovers from 5 strokes back after 3 rounds; wins by 3 from Darren Clarke and Jesper Parnevik.

2008 – 16th ESPY Awards: Tiger Woods, Candace Parker win.

2017 – Elon Musk tweets he has “verbal government approval” to build 29 minute Hyperloop between New York and Washington, D.C.

2020 – Announcement that a COVID-19 vaccine developed by the University of Oxford (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) is able to trigger immune response and antibodies.

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