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1850 – Gold discovered in Oregon (Rogue River)

1854 – Walter Hunt is awarded the first U.S. patent for a paper shirt collar.

1866 – Ulysses S. Grant named 1st General of Army.

1898 – 1st US troops land & occupy Puerto Rico, at Guanica Bay.

1918 – Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, California.

1941 – FDR bans selling benzene/gasoline to Japan.

1943 – 1st warship named after an African American launched – USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer.

1944 – Operation Cobra: US troops begin major offensive in Normandy with air bombardment.

1953 – NYC transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents, 1st use of subway tokens.

1961 – In a speech John F. Kennedy emphasizes that any attack on Berlin is an attack on NATO.

1963 – US, Russia & Britain sign nuclear test ban treaty.

1966 – Yankee manager Casey Stengel elected to Hall of Fame.

1969 – Edward Kennedy pleads guilty to leaving scene of an accident a week after the Chappaquiddick car accident that killed Mary Jo Kopechne.

1972 – US health officials concede African American were used as guinea pigs in 40 year syphilis experiment.

1985 – Spokeswoman for Rock Hudson confirms he as AIDS.

2004 – British Open Senior Men’s Golf, Royal Portrush: Pete Oakley wins by 1 stroke from fellow American Tom Kite and Eduardo Romero of Argentina.

2014 – Both Israel and Hamas review US Secretary of State John Kerry’s proposal for an immediate ceasefire and meetings in Cairo.

2016 – Verizon announces $4.83 billion purchase of Yahoo.

2017 – Sperm counts have halved in last 40 year says research published in “Human Reproduction Update” journal.