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This Day in History For July 27

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1789 – US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs now referred to as the State Department.

1909 – Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1 hour, 12 minutes & 40 seconds.

1918 – Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY.

1920 – Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation.

1924 – VIII Summer Olympic Games close in Paris, France.

1931 – Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota destroyed thousands of acres of crops.

1940 – Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts.

1947 – New York Yankees catcher Yogi Berra starts a record 148 game errorless streak.

1953 – North Korea and the United Nations sign armistice to stop fighting and divide Korea at the 38th parallel.

1965 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking.

1974 – House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 recommends Nixon impeachment.

1983 – Gaylord Perry joins Nolan Ryan & Steve Carlton to reach 3,500 career strikeouts this season, he also wins his 1st game as a Royal.

1988 – Radio Shack announces Tandy 1000 SL computer.

1991 – TV Guide publishes its 2000th edition.

1993 – NBC TV awarded 1996 Olympic coverage for $456 million.

2003 – British Open Men’s Golf, Turnberry: American Tom Watson wins in a playoff with Carl Mason of England.

2007 – Two News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXY and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase: There were no survivors. Worst civil aviation incident in Phoenix history.

2014 – President Obama reaffirms Israel’s “right to defend itself”, but condemns civilian casualties in Gaza.

2017 – Boy Scouts of American chief Michael Surbaugh apologize for politically motivated remarks made by President Donald Trump at rally attended by 30,000 scouts.

2017 – Amazon founder Jeff Bezos briefly becomes world’s richest man at $91.4bn, overtaking Bill Gates for half a day.

2020 – WHO head Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus states that COVID-19 is “easily the most severe” global health emergency the WHO has faced.

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