1789 – US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs now referred to as the State Department.
1909 – Orville Wright tests 1st US Army airplane, flying 1 hour, 12 minutes & 40 seconds.
1918 – Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY.
1920 – Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation.
1924 – VIII Summer Olympic Games close in Paris, France.
1931 – Grasshoppers in Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota destroyed thousands of acres of crops.
1940 – Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts.
1947 – New York Yankees catcher Yogi Berra starts a record 148 game errorless streak.
1953 – North Korea and the United Nations sign armistice to stop fighting and divide Korea at the 38th parallel.
1965 – President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking.
1974 – House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 recommends Nixon impeachment.
1983 – Gaylord Perry joins Nolan Ryan & Steve Carlton to reach 3,500 career strikeouts this season, he also wins his 1st game as a Royal.
1988 – Radio Shack announces Tandy 1000 SL computer.
1991 – TV Guide publishes its 2000th edition.
1993 – NBC TV awarded 1996 Olympic coverage for $456 million.
2003 – British Open Men’s Golf, Turnberry: American Tom Watson wins in a playoff with Carl Mason of England.
2007 – Two News helicopters from Phoenix, Arizona television stations KNXY and KTVK collide over Steele Indian School Park in central Phoenix while covering a police chase: There were no survivors. Worst civil aviation incident in Phoenix history.
2014 – President Obama reaffirms Israel’s “right to defend itself”, but condemns civilian casualties in Gaza.
2017 – Boy Scouts of American chief Michael Surbaugh apologize for politically motivated remarks made by President Donald Trump at rally attended by 30,000 scouts.
2017 – Amazon founder Jeff Bezos briefly becomes world’s richest man at $91.4bn, overtaking Bill Gates for half a day.
2020 – WHO head Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus states that COVID-19 is “easily the most severe” global health emergency the WHO has faced.