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This Day in History for July 7

1863 – 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)

1898 – US President McKinley signs the Organic Act to annex Hawaii.

1914 – Baltimore Orioles owner Jack Dunn offers future baseball legend Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10k to Connie Mack (Philadelphia A’s): refuses pleading lack of finance.

1923 – University of Delaware invents “junior year abroad” (at Sorbonne)

1928 – Sliced bread sold for the first time by the Chillicothe Baking Company, Missouri, using a machine invented by Otto Frederick Rohwedder. Described as the greatest forward step in the baking industry since bread was wrapped.

1936 – RCA shows 1st real TV program (dancing, film on locomotives, Bonwit Teller fashion show and monologue from Tobacco Road & comedy)

1941 – US forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion.

1948 – 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular US Navy.

1948 – Cleveland Indians stun MLB by signing 42-year-old Negro Leagues pitcher Satchel Paige.

1958 – President Eisenhower signed a bill approving Alaskan statehood.

1959 – 26th MLB All Star Game, Forbes Field, Pittsburgh: Willie Mays triples to score Hank Aaron as NL wins 5-4.

1961 – James R Hoffa elected chairman of Teamsters.

1965 – Otis Redding records “Respect”

1971 – MLB Commissioner Bowie Kuhn announces that Negro League players elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame to be given full membership in the Museum.

1978 – Wimbledon Women’s Tennis: Martina Navratilova wins her first Grand Slam singles title beating Chris Evert 2-6, 6-4, 7-5.

1987 – Kiwanis Clubs end men-only tradition, vote to admit women.

1995 – Space shuttle STS-71 (Atlantis 14), lands.

2001 – In his first appearance at Daytona since the death of father Dale Earnhardt Sr., Dale Jr. wins Pepsi 400 coming from 7th with 9 laps remaining to beat teammate Michael Waltrip.

2016 – In Dallas, Texas, lone gunman shots and kills five police officers, wounding others during a protest march against fatal police shootings of African Americans.

2017 – Tesla Motors produces its first mass-market car, the Model 3.

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