1777 – US Continental Congress adopts the Stars & Strips flag, designed by Francis Hopkinson, replacing the Grand Union flag.
1834 – Sandpaper patented by Isaac Fischer Jr., Springfield, Vermont.
1881 – Player piano patented by John McTammany, Jr. (Cambridge, Massachusetts)
1901 – 1st golf championship is played.
1916 – Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war.
1922 – US President Warren G. Harding is 1st US President to use radio, dedicates the Francis Scott Key memorial in Baltimore.
1938 – Chlorophyll patented by Benjamin Grushkin.
1942 – Walt Disney’s animated movie “Bambi”, based on the book by Felix Salten, is released.
1946 – Nat King Cole records “The Christmas Song” for the first time.
1954 – President Eisenhower signs order adding words “under God” to the Pledge.
1967 – “Steve Allen Show” premieres on CBS-TV.
1973 – US President Richard Nixon administration imposes 60-day economy-wide price freeze, superseding Special Rule No. 1 for oil companies.
1974 – “All the President’s Men” by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward detailing their Watergate investigation is published by Simon and Schuster in the US.
1984 – Southern Baptist convention decide no women clergy members.
1989 – Groundbreaking begins in Minnesota on world’s largest mall.
1990 – Supreme Court rules police check for drunk drivers constitutional.
2000 – Greg Maddux makes his 387th putout, breaking Jack Morris’ career record.
2013 – The US government charges NSA leaker Edward Snowden with violating the Espionage Act and theft of governmental property.
2017 – US Senate approves new sanctions against Russia as punishment for meddling in the 2016 election.