1810 – John Jacob Astor organizes the Pacific Fur Company in Astoria, Oregon.
1868 – Christopher Latham Sholes patents the typewriter with a QWERTY keyboard.
1888 – Fredrick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for US President.
1908 – The USA suspends diplomatic relationships with Venezuela after the refusal of Cipriano Castro’s government to compensate Americans for injuries suffered in the uprising of 1899.
1926 – The College Board administers the first SAT exam in USA.
1931 – Wiley Post & Harold Catty took off for flight around the world.
1938 – Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium.
1939 – US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary 1941)
1947 – US President Truman’s veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by Congress.
1950 – Indians’ Luke Easter hits longest ball in Cleveland Stadium history, 477 feet, into upper deck, Section 4.
1958 – US Federal judge rules race separation must end in 2 1/2 years in Little Rock, Arkansas.
1960 – 1st contraceptive pill is made available for purchase in the U.S.
1967 – US Senate censures Thomas J. Dodd (D-Ct) for misusing campaign funds.
1972 – US President Nixon & Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman agree to use CIA to cover up Watergate.
1979 – Charlie Daniels Band releases “The Devil Went Down to Georgia”
1986 – Tip O’Neill refuses to let President Reagan address House.
1997 – Dow Jones drops 192.25 points.
2009 – Akio Toyoda is confirmed as the new President of the Toyota Motor Corporation.
2016 – Storms and widespread flooding in West Virginia leave at least 24 dead.