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This Day in History for May 23

1785 – Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals.

1863 – Organization of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.

1882 – 6 inches of snow falls in eastern Iowa.

1900 – Associated Press News Service forms in NY.

1903 – 1st direct primary election law in US adopted by Wisconsin.

1911 – NY Public Library building at 5th Avenue dedicated by President Tart.

1926 – Hack Wilson is 1st to hit a home run off Wrigley Field scoreboard.

1934 – American outlaws Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow – Bonnie and Clyde – are killed by police in an ambush near Sailes, Louisiana.

1939 – Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26, 33 remaining crew rescued from a depth of 243 feet by divers using newly developed heliox air systems (divers later awarded the Medal of Honor)

1944 – Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941.

1956 – World Trade Center dedicated in Ferry Building, San Francisco.

1962 – Scott Carpenter orbits Earth 3 times in US Aurora 7.

1977 – US Supreme Court refuses to hear appeals of Watergate wrong doers H. R. Haldeman, John Ehrlichman & John Mitchell.

1986 – US & Western Europe veto heavier sanctions against South Africa.

1988 – Maryland stops sale of cheap pistols on January 1, 1990.

1990 – Cost of rescuing savings & loan failures is put at up to $130 billion.

1990 – Dow Jones average hits a record 2,856.26.

1991 – US Supreme Court bars subsidized clinics from discussing abortion.

1992 – US President George H.W. Bush orders Coast Guard to intercept boats with Haitian refugees.

2017 – US President Donald Trump meets Pope Francis at the Vatican.

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