1830 – “Mary Had a Little Lamb” by Sarah Josepha Hale is first published by Boston firm March, Capen & Lyon.
1899 – 1st auto repair shop opens (Boston)
1915 – Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations.
1928 – Record 12 future Baseball Hall of Famers take the field as NY Yankees beat Philadelphia A’s, 9-7 at Shibe Park; managers Miller Huggins & Connie Mack, umpire Tom Connolly also Hall of Famers.
1930 – Amy Johnson becomes the 1st woman to fly solo from England to Australia.
1951 – Racial segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants ruled illegal.
1954 – IBM announces vacuum tube “electronic” brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour.
1961 – 27 Freedom Riders arrested in Jackson, Mississippi.
1962 – Astronaut Scott Carpenter aboard Aurora 7 (Mercury-Atlas 7) orbits the Earth three times in a flight of just under five hours.
1969 – “Sugar, Sugar” single released by cartoon band The Archies (Billboard Song of the Year, 1969)
1974 – “The Dean Martin Show” last aired on NBC-TV.
1981 – Indianapolis 500: Bobby Unser crosses finish line ahead of Mario Andretti; Unser disqualified for pit lane infraction, later reinstated for his 3rd race victory.
1989 – “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade”, directed by Stephen Spielberg, starring Harrison Ford, and produced by George Lucas’ Lucasfilms premieres.
1993 – Kim Basinger files for bankruptcy to avoid paying $7.4 million settlement.
2001 – The Democrats gain control of the Senate for the first time since 1994 when Senator James Jeffords of Vermont abandons the Republican Party and declares himself an independent.
2002 – Russia and the United States sign the Moscow Treaty.
2009 – Senior PGA Championship, Canterbury GC: Michael Allen wins his lone major title by 2 strokes from runner-up Larry Mize.
2016 – Bill Cosby is ordered to stand trial in a sexual assault case in Norristown.
2018 – Record US fentanyl seizure of 120 pounds confirmed by police in Nebraska in April, enough to kill 26 million people, one of the largest drug busts in US history.
2018 – President Donald Trump signs into law the Economic Growth, Regulatory Relief and Consumer Protection Act easing financial regulations and reducing oversight for banks.