1895 – American inventor Frederick E. Blaisdell patents the pencil.
1906 – London selected to host 1908 Olympics.
1916 – Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Picture; the company later become one of the most successful independent filmmakers.
1932 – Joe Kershalla scores 71 points in a college football game.
1944 – World War ll, U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
1947 – 200″ mirror arrives at Mt Palomar Observatory, California.
1950 – US General Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe.
1953 – US Supreme Court rules (7-2) baseball is a sport, not a business.
1959 – “Rocky & His Friends” debuts on ABC.
1965 – Kellogg’s Pop Tarts pastries created.
1969 – Apollo 12’s Charles Conrad and Alan Bean become the 3rd and 4th humans on the Moon.
1973 – New York Stock Market takes sharpest drop in 19 years.
1980 – CBS TV bans Calvin Klein jean ad featuring Brooks Shields.
1985 – In the largest civil verdict in US history, Pennzoil wins $10.53 billion judgement against Texaco.
1991 – Baltimore Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken wins his 2nd AL MVP.
1997 – McCaughey septuplets born to Bobbi McCaughey in Des Moines, Iowa. First set of septuplets to survive infancy.
2010 – “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1” the 7th film based on the books by J.K. Rowling is released worldwide.
2014 – American singer-songwriter and piano man Billy Joel receives Library of Congress Gershwin Prize at the White House in Washington, D.C.
2017 – Martin Truex, Jr., driving for Furniture Row Racing wins Ford EcoBoost 400 at Homestead-Miami Speedway, Florida to claim Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series by 5 points from Kyle Busch.
2021 – MLB Cleveland Indians name change to Guardians becomes official.