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This Day in History for November 19

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1805 – Lewis and Clark expedition, led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, reaches the Pacific Ocean, first European Americans to cross the west.

1861 – Julia Ward Howe committed “Battle Hymn of the Republic” to paper.

1863 – US President Abraham Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg address beginning, “Four score and seven years ago….”

1872 – E.D. Barbour of Boston is awarded the first U.S. patent for the first ‘calculator’, an adding machine capable of printing totals and subtotals.

1911 – NY receives first Marconi wireless transmission from Italy.

1923 – The Oklahoma State Senate ousts Governor Walton for anti-Ku Klux Klan measures.

1943 – U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean.

1944 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.

1950 – US General Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe.

1952 – North American F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record, 1124 KPH.

1959 – Ford Motors cancels its poorly received Edsel model.

1965 – Kellogg’s Pop Tarts pastries created.

1973 – New York stock market takes sharpest drop in 19 years.

1981 – U.S. Steel agrees to pay $6.3 billion for Marathon Oil.

1985 – In the largest civil verdict in US history, Pennzoil wins $10.53 billion judgement against Texaco.

1990 – Greyhound files reorganization plan so they can be traded publicly.

1997 – McCaughey septuplets born to Bobbi McCaughey in Des Moines, Iowa. First set of septuplets to survive infancy.

2018 – Ivanka Trump sent “hundred” of emails from her personal account about government business according to Washington Post report.

2018 – Nissan chairman Carlos Ghosn arrested in Japan for financial misconduct.

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