1856 – James Kelly and Jack Smith fight bare knuckle for 6 hours, 15 minutes in Melbourne.
1901 – Edward Elgar’s “Pomp and Circumstance March” premieres in Liverpool, England.
1915 – US bankers arrange a $500 million loan to the British and French.
1919 – 1st US distinguished Service Medal awarded to a living female recipient, Anna Howard Shaw.
1926 – John C. Garand patents semi-automatic rifle.
1941 – 1st woman jockey in North America, Anna Lee Wiley in Mexico.
1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University in Piscataway, New Jersey.
1944 – US forces land in the Philippines.
1951 – US President Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany.
1957 – “Damn Yankees” closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1,022 performances.
1967 – Mariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus.
1969 – Oakland’s Darryle Lamonica passes for 6 touchdowns vs Buffalo (50-21)
1975 – “A Chorus Line”, held record longest-running Broadway show (6,137 performances) premieres on Broadway at the Shubert Theatre in New York.
1983 – US Senate establishes Martin Luther King Jr. Day as federal holiday, observed on the 3rd Monday in January (on or near his 1/15 birthday)
1987 – Black Monday, stock markets around the world crash, including the Dow Jones stock market, which falls 508.32 points (22%), 4 1/2 times the previous daily record.
1996 – Braves beat NY Yanks by record tying 11 runs, 12-1 in a World Series.
2005 – Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
2014 – A working human intestine is generated in a laboratory from stem cells in the United States.
2016 – Third US Presidential debate Donald Trump notably refuses to say if he will accept the result of election during debate with Hillary Clinton at Nevada University, Las Vegas.
2020 – US charges six Russian military officers with massive cyber-attack meant to disrupt 2020 Tokyo Olympics, 2017 French presidential election and Ukraine’s power grid.