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This Day in History for October 19

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1901 – Edward Elgar’s “Pomp & Circumstance March” premieres in Liverpool.

1915 – US bankers arrange a $500 million loan to the British and French.

1926 – John C Garand patents semi-automatic rifle.

1933 – Berlin Olympics Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936.

1943 – Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.

1944 – US forces land in the Philippines.

1951 – US President Harry Truman formally ends state of war with Germany.

1957 – “Damn Yankees” closes at 46th Street Theater NYC after 1,022 performances.

1960 – US imposes embargo on exports to Cuba.

1967 – Mariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus.

1971 – Last issue of “Look” magazine is published.

1975 – “A Chorus Line”, held record longest-running Broadway show (6,137 performances), premieres on Broadway at the Shubert Theater in New York.

1983 – US Senate establishes Martin Luther King, Jr. federal holiday.

1990 – “Dances with Wolves” directed by Kevin Costner and starring Kevin Costner and Mary McDonnell premieres in Washington, D.C. (Academy Awards Best Picture 1991)

1995 – “Hello Dolly” opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 118 performances.

1999 – “Believe” single released by Cher (Billboard Song of the Year, 1999; Grammy Award Best Dance Recording, 2000)

2005 – Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.

2014 – A working human intestine is generated in a laboratory from stem cells in the United States.

2016 – Third US Presidential debate: Donald Trump notably refuses to say if he will accept the result of election debate with Hillary Clinton at Nevada University, Las Vegas.

2019 – US Democratic representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez endorses Bernine Sanders for president.