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by Danna Martínez

Day by day, the world is connecting more. People are becoming closer, customs are beginning to be shared and recognized throughout the world, companies and markets are unifying, and all this has a cause: globalization.

The word globalization comes from the Latin globus, which means compact mass, referring to the terrestrial globe, the world, the element iza- which means “to become,” and the suffix -tion means action and effect.

This process originated after the Cold War, at the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st, hand in hand with the unstoppable impulse of computer networks (Internet) and new telecommunications technologies. Globalization has been a consequence of capitalism seeking to expand consumption, production, and international trade.

This process is characterized by the increase in seeking greater connection, communication, and interdependence among the nations that make up the world. Through a series of transformations, the union of the markets is achieved, sharing the communities and their respective cultures, bringing with it changes and trends that use plurality and a certain paradoxical homogenization.

Globalization aims to achieve a more significant and efficient commercial, technological, social, political, and cultural exchange.

Here are some advantages that the globalization process brings:

  • More communication (Internet). Globalization has become visible in the aspect of communication technologies. The internet and technological development have been vital to the development of globalization.
  • Cultural exchange. Communication between individuals around the world enables cultural exchange. It is considered a shared enrichment in different areas such as social and economic. This factor has been a matter of debate over time. It has reflected in some of the most advanced countries with a new coexistence between different cultures.
  • Technological exchange. Globalization has allowed greater and easier access to technological resources. This factor positively impacts various areas such as education, the economy, and health, among others.
  • Language exchange. Communication and interconnectivity in social networks and online platforms that offer television series are beneficial factors for linguistic exchange throughout the planet. Music, video games, cinema, and other forms of entertainment have been promoters of globalization and have served to promote the recognition of different languages worldwide. English has become the most widely used lingua franca in recent decades.
  • Promotion and protection of human rights. The diffusion of the values and rights included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations (UN) has also been a beneficial factor that has left the globalization process. Globalization works as a diffuser of these rights and as an instrument of control against their violations. Within this aspect, NGOs, journalism professionals, and medicine also play an essential role in detecting any infringement of rights.

On the other hand, globalization also has effects that affect society. Among the consequences of globalization and thanks to homogenization, the loss of culture and identity has increased and created concern for consumerism’s environmental impact. Besides, access to information is entirely free on the global network, which generates the need to establish filters and organizers or discriminators, ensuring the sharing of truthful information.