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1835 – Georgia gold rush forces the Cherokees to move across the Mississippi River.

1854 – Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co., 1st in US, incorporated in NYC.

1861 – US banks stops payments in gold.

1903 – Electric arc lamp sets fire to Iroquois Theater in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history.

1918 – John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover.

1924 – Astronomer Edwin Hubble formally announces existence of other galactic systems at meeting of the American Astronomical Society.

1936 – United Auto Workers stage 1st sit-down strike, at Fisher Body Plant.

1940 – California’s 1st freeway, (Arroyo Seco Parkway), opens.

1952 – Tuskegee Institute reports 1952 as 1st year in 71 with no lynchings in US.

1963 – Congress authorizes Kennedy half dollar.

1972 – US President Richard Nixon halts bombing of North Vietnam & announces peace talks.

1977 – Jimmy Carter holds 1st news conference by US President in Eastern Europe (Warsaw)

1978 – Ohio State dismisses Woody Hayes as its football coach.

1982 – Anthony Shaffer’s “Whodunnit” premieres in NYC.

1988 – Canadian Senate OK’s free trade pact with US.

1988 – Mercedes-Benz pays $20.2-M fine, failed to meet ’86 government fuel standard.

1988 – Oliver North subpoenas Presidents Reagan and Bush as defense witnesses for upcoming trial.

1995 – CARQUEST Bowl 6: North Carolina beats Arkansas, 20-10.

2005 – Tropical Storm Zeta forms in the open Atlantic Ocean, tying the record for the latest tropical cyclone ever to form in the North Atlantic basin.

2012 – 9 people are killed and 26 are injured in a tour bus crash off interstate 84, Oregon, US.

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