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1865 – Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina.

1906 – San Francisco earthquake and fire kills nearly 4,000 while destroying 75% of the city.

1916 – Secretary of State warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop.

1924 – 1st crossword puzzle book published by Simon & Schuster.

1930 – BBC news announcer announces “there is no news” at 20:45 news bulletin, plays music instead.

1935 – Gene Sarazen’s double eagle on 15th wins him his 2nd Masters.

1944 – Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins’ ballet “Fancy Free” premieres in New York City.

1955 – 1st “Walk”/”Don’t Walk” lighted street signals installed.

1958 – National League single-game record crowd of 78,682 at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Dodgers win over San Francisco Giants, 6-5.

1963 – Dr. James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant.

1968 – 178,000 employees of Bell Telephone System go on strike.

1973 – US Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program, established in 1950 by President Eisenhower.

1983 – A lone suicide bomber kills 63, at US Embassy in Lebanon.

1990 – Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines.

1991 – Census Bureau said it failed to count up to 63 million in 1990 census.

1994 – Former President Richard Nixon suffers a stroke and passes away 4 days later.

2007 – The US Supreme Court upholds the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision.

2020 – Canada’s worst modern mass shooting as a gunman kills 18 people, including a Royal Mounted Police Officer, across Nova Scotia.

2022 – Federal judge rules as “unlawful” Biden administration’s mandate that masks be worn on public transportation.

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