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This Day in History for August 1

1867 – Blacks vote for 1st time in a US state election in the South (Tennessee)

1893 – Henry Perky patents a machine for the preparation of cereals for food, otherwise known as shredded wheat.

1901 – Burials within San Francisco City limits prohibited.

1907 – Bank of Italy (later Bank of America) opens 1st branch at 3433 Mission Street, San Francisco.

1932 – George Washington quarter goes into circulation.

1933 – National Recovery Administration (NRA) is founded with Hugh S. Johnson as its first director.

1941 – The first jeep is produced.

1944 – Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st African-American congressman from New York.

1946 – US President Harry Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)

1953 – California introduces sales tax (for education)

1957 – 1st commercial building heated by Sun (Albuquerque, New Mexico)

1957 – US and Canada create North America Air Defense Command (NORAD)

1958 – US 1st class postage up to 4 cents (had been 3 cents for 26 years)

1972 – 1st article exposing Watergate scandal by Bernstein and Woodward in “The Washington Post”

1977 – Former Lockheed U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers crashes the news helicopter he was flying in Los Angeles.

1985 – Russian KGB officer Vitaly Yurchenko defects to the US in Rome, naming Americans Ronald Pelton and Edward Lee Howard as KGB agents.

2000 – First patient to receive the Jarvik 2000, the first total artificial heart that can maintain blood flow in addition to generating a pulse.

2001 – Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore has a Ten Commandments monument installed in the judiciary building, leading to a lawsuit to have it removed and his own removal from office.

2014 – USA and UN announce a 72 hour ceasefire between Israel and Palestine, though it quickly breaks down.

2017 – Christopher A. Way confirmed at FBI Director by US Senate.

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