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1837 – Ralph Waldo Emerson gives his famous “The American Scholar” speech to Phi Beta Kappa Society at Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, declares American literary independence from Europe.

1886 – 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston, South Carolina, 110 die.

1902 – Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs. Adolph Landeburg (horse rider)

1910 – Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a ‘square deal’; property shall be ‘the servant and not the master of the commonwealth’

1918 – Boston Red Sox win earliest American League pennant ever (season ended Sept. 2)

1935 – FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents.

1940 – US National Guard assembles.

1947 – NY Giants set season record for HRs by a club 183 (en route to 221)

1954 – Hurricane Carol hits New England, 70 die….Costliest ever hurricane at the time and 1st storm name to be retired.

1965 – US Congress establishes Department of Housing & Urban Development.

1968 – Private Eye magazine reports a John Lennon and Yoko Ono album will have a picture of them nude on the cover.

1978 – Emily & William Harris plead guilty to 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst.

1980 – “Oklahoma” closes at Palace Theater NYC after 301 performances.

1985 – Angel Cordero, Jr. becomes 3rd jockey to ride horses earning over $100m.

1987 – Curtis Strange sets golf’s earnings for year record ($697,385)

1997 – Don Mattingly’s #23 is retired by NY Yankees.

2009 – The Walt Disney Company announces it will acquire Marvel Entertainment for $4.24 billion.

2012 – Apple loses its patent dispute with Samsung in Tokyo, Japan.

2015 – US President Barack Obama arrives in Alaska on a 3 day tour highlighting climate change.

2020 – US cases of COVID-19 to pass 6 million with 183,300 deaths with California (699,000), Florida (619,000) recording the most (John Hopkins)

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