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This Day in History for December 21

1620 – 102 Mayflower Pilgrims and about 30 crew land at Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts.

1864 – General Sherman conquers Savannah, Georgia.

1891 – 1st game of basketball, based on rules created by James Naismith, played by 18 students in Springfield, Massachusetts.

1909 – 1st junior high school established (Berkeley, California)

1913 – 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World.

1921 – Supreme Court rules labor injunctions & picketing unconstitutional.

1929 – 1st group hospital insurance plan offered (Dallas TX)

1933 – Fox films signs 5 year old Shirley Temple to a studio contract.

1937 – The first full-length animated feature film and the earliest in the Walt Disney Animated Classic series, “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs”, premieres at the Carthay Circle Theatre.

1945 – “Billion Dollar Baby” opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 219 performance.

1956 – Martin Luther King, Jr. and others sit in the new integrated bus.

1959 – Tom Landry accepts coaching job with Dallas Cowboys (stays until 1988)

1968 – Apollo 8: 1st manned Moon voyage launched with Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders.

1970 – Elvis Presley meets US President Richard Nixon in the White House – the image of this meeting is the most requested photo from the entire National Archives.

1983 – NCAA rules rescinded last 2-minute men’s basketball free throw rule.

1988 – Lockerbie disaster: Pan Am Flight 103 destroyed mid air by a terrorist bomb killing all 258 on board over Scotland.

1995 – San Francisco Giants announce plans to build a new stadium to open in 2000.

1996 – Taiwanese-American AIDS researcher David Ho is named Time Magazine’s Man of the Year.”

1997 – Detroit Lions Barry Sanders is 3rd to run for 2,000 yards in a season.

2016 – Carl Icahn is announced as Special Advisor to the President on Regulatory Reform, under President Donald Trump.

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