this day in history
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1896 – Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hershfield.

1903 – The United States and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations.

1905 – First Rotary Club formed by four men inside the Unity Building in Chicago.

1915 – Germany sinks US ships Carib and Evelyn and torpedoed Norwegian ship Regin.

1921 – First US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in New York City from San Francisco.

1927 – President Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FRC).

1939 – 11th Academy Awards: “You Can’t Take it With You”, Spencer Tracy and Bette Davis win.

1945 – US Marines raise the American flag on top of Mt. Suribachi, Iwo Jima. Pulitzer Prize winning photo by Joe Rosenthall later became iconic, inspiring the Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture.

1954 – First mass inoculation against polio with the Jonas Salk vaccine takes place at Arsenal Elementary School in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

1964 – 6th Daytona 500: Race winner Richard Petty leads for record 184 of the 200 laps.

1967 – 25th amendment (US Presidential succession) adopted.

1975 – In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.

1983 – 25th Grammy Awards: “Roxanna”, “Toto IV” and Men at Work win.

1991 – President George H.W. Bush gives Iraq a 24-hour deadline to withdraw from Kuwait or face a ground war.

1998 – Tornadoes in Florida kill at least 31.

2003 – 45th Grammy Awards: “Don’t Know Why” by Norah Jones wins.

2008 – B-2 Spirit of the US Air Force crashes in Guam. Crew survives but the aircraft is written off, the most expensive air crash in human history. The aircraft cost $1.2 billion. B-2 had a perfect safety record before the crash.

2014 – Canada wins the Olympic ice hockey gold medal with a 3-0 victory over Sweden in the men’s championship in Sochi. First team to finish the tournament undefeated since 1984.

2021 – Tiger Woods crashes his car driving south of Los Angeles, injuring both his legs.

2023 – Former Hollywood executive Harvey Weinstein sentenced to 16 years in prison for rape in Los Angeles on top of the 23 years he is already serving for sex crimes.

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