This Day in History for January 23
1849 – US Patent granted for an envelope-making machine to Jesse K. Park and Cornelius S. Watson.
1889 – Daniel Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago.
1930 – George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established.
1933 – 20th amendment, which changed the date of US presidential inaugurations to 20th January, is ratified.
1941 – Groundbreaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center.
1943 – Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.
1950 – NFL rule changes open way for 2-platoon system (offense & defense)
1957 – Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee disc (originally called the “Pluto Platter” until 1958)
1961 – Supreme Court rules cities and states have right to censor film.
1964 – 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections.
1968 – Joe Medwick elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.
1970 – US launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1.
1973 – 23rd NBA All-Star Game, Chicago Stadium: East beats West, 104-84: MVP: Dave Cowens, Boston Celtics, C.
1973 – US President Richard Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War.
1979 – NY/SF Giants / New York Mets center fielder Willie Mays elected to Baseball Hall of Fame.
1983 – “A-Team” with Mr T premieres on NBC.
1993 – NY Newsday reports Oregon Senator Bob Packwood sexually harassed 23 women.
1998 – Pope Paul II condemns US embargo against Cuba.
2003 – Final communications between Earth and NASA space prober Pioneer 10.
2016 – Category 5 blizzard delivers record 3ft of snow to the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast US, killing 55 and incurring between estimated $500m – $3bn economic losses.
2019 – New record for most expensive US property, $238 million for penthouse condominium overlooking Central Park, NY, bought by hedge fund billionaire Ken Griffin.