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1819 – University of Virginia chartered by Commonwealth of Virginia, with Thomas Jefferson one of its founders.

1877 – Congress establishes the Electoral Commission to determine the disputed presidential election between Rutherford B. Hayes and Samuel J. Tilden.

1881 – Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

1904 – 179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania.

1915 – Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in San Francisco.

1919 – The Hotel Pennsylvania, at the time the world’s largest, opens in Manhattan.

1937 – 1st broadcast of “Guiding Light” on NBC radio.

1945 – Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water.

1945 – NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million.

1955 – Columbia University scientists develop an atomic clock accurate to within one second in 300 years.

1959 – 1st transcontinental commercial jet flight (American) (LA to NY for $301)

1961 – Walt Disney’s animated film “101 Dalmatians”, based on the novel by Dodie Smith and directed by Clyde Geronimi and Hamilton Luske is released in the US.

1971 – Charles Manson & 3 women followers convicted of Tate-LaBianca murders.

1974 – Ray Kroc, CEO of McDonald’s buys San Diego Padres baseball team for $12 million.

1978 – Padres trade pitcher Dave Tomlin & $125,000 to Rangers for Gaylord Perry (He wins 1978 Cy Young Award)

1981 – 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US..

1988 – US VP George H.W. Bush & Dan Rather clash on “CBS Evening News” as Rather attempts to question Bush about his role in Iran-Contra affair.

1993 – Sears announces it is closing catalog sales department after 97 years.

2019 – Longest-ever US government shutdown ends after 35 days when President Donald Trump agrees to three week of negotiations on border security by a House-Senate conference committee.

2019 – Roger Stone, political lobbyist for Donald Trump is arrested as part of Mueller investigation for obstruction of justice, witness tampering and making false statements.

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