this day in history
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1896 – Dow Jones index begins with an average of 12 industrial stocks and closes at 40.94.

1908 – Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Murdock and their children become first family to travel by car from Los Angeles to New York City in a Packard Thirty in 32 days, 5 hours and 25 minutes.

1924 – President Calvin Coolidge signs immigration law restricting immigration.

1927 – Henry Ford and the Ford Motor Company produce the last, and 15th million, Model T Ford/Tin Lizzie.

1940 – First successful helicopter flight in the United States: Vought-Sikorsky VS 300 designed by Igor Sikorsky.

1945 – United States drops fire bombs on Tokyo, Japan.

1956 – A fire on board the aircraft carrier USS Bennington in Narragansett Bay, off Rhode Island, kills 103 crew.

1958 – Union Square in San Francisco becomes a state historical landmark.

1963 – 15th Emmy Awards: “The Dick Van Dyke Show”, E.G. Marshall and Shirley Booth win.

1969 – Apollo 10 astronauts Thomas Stafford, John Young and Eugene Cernan return to Earth.

1972 – President Richard Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT accord.

1978 – First legal gambling casino opens in Atlantic City.

1984 – Floods kill 14 in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

1987 – Supreme Court ruled dangerous defendants could be held without bail.

1998 – Supreme Court rules that Ellis Island, the historic gateway for millions of immigrants, is mainly in the state of New Jersey, not New York.

2004 – The New York Times publishes admission of journalistic failings, claims its flawed reporting and lack of skepticism during buildup to 2003 Iraq War helped promote belief that Iraq possessed large stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction.

2004 – Army veteran Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing.

2015 – Cleveland Cavaliers win the NBA Eastern Conference.

2020 – Twitter adds warning labels to warn about inaccuracies in President Donald Trump’s tweets for the first time.

2023 – Philadelphia Phillies reliever Craig Kimbrel becomes eighth Major League Baseball pitcher to earn 400 career saves in 6-4 victory over Braves in Atlanta.

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