this day in history
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1877 – Inventor Thomas Edison demonstrates his hand-cranked phonograph for the first time.

1887 – United States receives rights to Pearl Harbor, on Oahu, Hawaii.

1910 – The first patent for inventing the traffic lights system is issued to Ernest Sirrine.

1923 – The Dawes Commission, chaired by banker Charles G. Dawes, is set up to look into the German economic situation and make recommendations that the United States can accept.

1929 – Aviator Richard E. Byrd sends “My calculations indicate that we have reached vicinity of South Pole.”

1934 – Chicago Bears beat Detroit Lion 19-16 in first NFL game broadcast nationally.

1941 – Richard Rogers and Lorenz Hart’s musical “Pal-Joey”, starring Gene Kelly and Vivienne Segal, closes at the St. James Theater in New York City after 374 performances.

1947 – United Nations General Assembly voted to allow the partition of Palestine between Arabs and Jews.

1953 – American Airlines begins first regular commercial air service between New York and Los Angeles.

1960 – 26th Heisman Trophy Award: Joe Bellino, Navy halfback.

1963 – “I Want to Hold Your Hand” single released by the Beatles in the United Kingdom.

1975 – President Gerald Ford signs the Education for All Handicapped Children’s Act requiring states provide free education for children with a disability.

1987 – Joe Montana of the San Francisco 49ers completes NFL record 22 consecutive passes.

1995 – CCCfn, a financial network by Turner Enterprises, is launched.

1997 – The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries agrees to an increase in its production ceiling. OPEC has raised the ceiling to 27.5 million barrels per day for the first half of 1998.

2007 – A 7.4 magnitude earthquake occurs off the northern coast of Martinique. This affected the Eastern Caribbean as far north as Puerto Rico and as far south as Trinidad.

2017 – TV host Matt Lauer is fired from NBC’s “Today” show after an allegation of sexual misconduct.

2021 – Jack Dorsey announces he is stepping down as CEO of Twitter, to be replaced by Parag Agrawal.

2022 – For the first time fewer than half of the people in England and Wales call themselves Christian, according to the 2021 Census.

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