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1844 – University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana.

1865 – Second Battle of Fort Fisher: Union Navy bombards Fort Fisher, North Carolina, allowing Union troops to capture Confederacy’s last remaining seaport.

1870 – Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper’s Weekly.

1907 – Gold dental inlays first described by William Taggart, who invented them.

1919 – Two million gallons of molasses flood Boston Massachusetts in the “Great Molasses Flood” when a storage tank burst, drowning 21 and injuring 150.

1927 – Tennessee Supreme Court overturns (on a technicality) John T. Scopes’ guilty verdict for teaching evolution, but the law itself remains in force.

1936 – 1st all-glass windowless structure in US completed, Toledo, Ohio.

1942 – US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt sends his famed “Green Light Letter” to MLB Commissioner Judge Landis, encouraging baseball to continue playing during World War II.

1943 – World’s largest office building, the Pentagon is completed to house the US military.

1951 – Supreme Court rule “clear & present danger” of incitement to riot is not protected speech & can be a cause for arrest.

1958 – New York Yankees announce that 140 MLB games to be televised on WPIX TV this season in a deal worth over $1 million dollars.

1964 – San Francisco Giants make champions outfielder Willie Mays the highest-paid player in baseball when they sign him to a new $105,000 per season contract.

1973 – US President Richard Nixon suspends all US offensive action in North Vietnam.

1976 – Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life for attempting to shoot US President Gerald Ford.

1987 – Champion Boston Celtics NBA forward Larry Bird is named Man of the Year by ‘The Sporting News’ and Athlete of the Year by ‘Associated Press’; first time one athlete gains both distinctions.

1994 – Lawrence Taylor announces his retirement from the NFL.

2001 – Wikipedia a free Wiki or content encyclopedia is launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.

2009 – Chesley Sullenberger lands US Airways Flight 1549 on the Hudson Bay River shortly after takeoff from LaGuardia Airport in NYC.  All passengers and crew members survive in what becomes known as the “Miracle on the Hudson”

2014 – LA Dodgers sign pitcher Clayton Kershaw to the biggest deal in baseball history, a 7-year, $215 million package averaging $30.7 million per season.

2018 – US Olympic gold medal winning gymnast Simone Biles says she is one of more than 130 women sexually abused by former team doctor Larry Nassar.

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