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1861 – The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C. (Civil War)

1901 – New York becomes 1st state requiring license plates ($1 fee)

1914 – President Woodrow Wilson is persuaded by Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico.

1928 – Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for a US citizen, Morris Frank.

1945 – Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany.

1950 – Chuck Cooper becomes the 1st African American to be drafted into the NBA (for Boston Celtics)

1953 – Francis Crick and James Watson’s discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in “Nature” magazine.

1957 – 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated.

1961 – Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin.

1964 – “New Phil Silvers Show” last aired on CBS-TV.

1967 – Abortion legalized in Colorado.

1974 – NFL moves goalposts & adopts sudden-death playoff.

1978 – Supreme Court rules pension plans can’t require women to pay more.

1983 – “Nightline” expands from 1/2 hour to a full hour.

1988 – NASA launches space vehicle S-211.

1990 – 25th Academy of Country Music Awards: George Strait, Clint Black and Kathy Mattea win.

1994 – 14″ of snow in Southern California.

1997 – Seattle Mariner Ken Griffey Jr. hits his 250th HR.

2011 – At least 300 people killed in deadliest tornado outbreak in the Southern United States since the 1974 Super Outbreak.

2019 – Microsoft becomes the third US firm to be listed with a market worth of $1 trillion, after Apple and Amazon.

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