this day in history
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1903 – First time the New York Highlanders (Yankees) were shut out, losing to the Philadelphia Athletics 6-0.

1911 – Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to temporarily rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.

1920 – Pogrom leader Symon Petliura declares Ukraine independence.

1926 – Seventeen-year-old Mel Ott makes his major league debut in the New York Giants’ 9-8 win over the Philadelphia Phillies.

1937 – First Social Security payment made.

1945 – US 5th Army enters Genoa, Italy during World War II

1956 – Undefeated world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano retires from the ring.

1961 – NASA launches Explorer 11 into Earth orbit to study gamma rays.

1961 – National Football League officially recognizes the Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.

1965 – R.C. Duncan patents Pampers disposable diaper.

1972 – Apollo 16 returns to Earth after lunar exploration, splashing down in the Pacific Ocean 189 milies southeast of the island of Kiritimati.

1978 – Cooling tower collapses at a coal-fired power plant at Willow Island, West Virginia, killing 51 people.

1981 – Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse.

1986 – Soviet authorities order the evacuation of Pripyat (population 50,000) one day after the Chernobyl nuclear accident.

1994 – Minnesota Twins right-hander Scott Erickson no-hits the Milwaukee Brewers 6-0.

1997 – Frank Nobilo wins Greater Greensboro Chrysler Classic at Forest Oaks.

2006 – Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City.

2011 – President Barack Obama, coerced by incessant false “birther” accusations, publicly releases a copy of his birth certificate.

2019 – Pope Francis donates $500,000 for migrants stranded in Mexico trying to reach the United States.

2023 – NFL Draft: Alabama quarterback Bryce Young is the first pick of the Carolina Panthers.

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