1791 – Thomas Jefferson responds to Benjamin Banneker’s letter on the issue of slavery.
1836 – The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen.
1890 – President Benjamin Harrison signed the first U.S. law requiring inspection of meat products.
1901 – Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner.
1937 – Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title.
1951 – US & Philippines sign mutual defense pact.
1963 – Hotline communication link between the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. and the Kremlin in Moscow installed. Often known as the ‘red telephone’ no phones were ever used relying instead on Teletype equipment, fax machines and most recently secure mail.
1965 – Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball.
1967 – US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice.
1968 – 1st record under Apple label (Beatle’s Hey Jude).
1969 – 120,000 attend Texas International Pop Festival.
1976 – Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of NBC’s “Today Show”.
1979 – US President Jimmy Carter attacked by a rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains, Ga.
1987 – 87th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Billy Mayfair.
1987 – Knuckleballer Charlie Hough on the mound, Rangers catcher Geno Petralli ties the major league record by allowing 6 passed balls.
1992 – “Most Happy Fella” closes at Booth Theater NYC after 229 performances.
1995 – Cable News Network (CNN) joins the internet.
2012 – Andy Roddick announces he will retire following the U.S. Open.
2015 – Rap artist Kanye West announces he will run for President in 2020 at the MTV Video Music Awards.