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This Day in History for August 31

1837 – Ralph Waldo Emerson gives his famous “The American Soldier” speech to Phi Beta Kappa Society at Harvard College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, declares American literary independence from Europe.

1842 – US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress.

1886 – 1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston, South Carolina, 110 die.

1895 – 1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0)

1910 – Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a ‘square deal’: property shall be ‘the servant and not the master of the commonwealth’.

1911 – The “Sullivan Act” requiring New Yorkers to posses licenses for firearms small enough to be concealed comes into effect.

1919 – John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago.

1920 – Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air.

1935 – FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents.

1940 – US National Guard assembles.

1954 – Hurricane Carol hits New England, 70 die, costliest ever hurricane at the time and 1st storm name to be retired.

1955 – 1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated (Chicago, Illinois)

1950 – Sandy Koufax breaks Dizzy Dean’s NL mark of 18 strikeouts in a game.

1965 – US Congress establishes Department of Housing & Urban Development.

1986 – Aeromexico DC-9 & small plane collide in LA, killing 82 (15 on the ground)

1990 – Dennis Eckersley saves his 40th game of the season.

1997 – Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in a road tunnel in Paris.

2012 – Apple loses its patent dispute with Samsung in Tokyo, Japan.

2015 – US President Barack Obama arrives in Alaska on a 3 day tour highlighting climate change.

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