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1796 – Cleveland, Ohio, founded by General Moses Cleveland.

1864 – Battle of Atlanta: General Sherman’s Union side defeats Confederate troops under General Hood, with 8,449 Confederate and 3,641 US casualties.

1893 – Katharine Lee Bates writes “America the Beautiful” in Colorado.

1916 – A bomb explodes during Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco killing 10.

1918 – Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah’s Wasatch National Park.

1926 – 108 degrees F, Troy, NY (state record)

1934 – Outside Chicago’s Biograph Theatre, “Public Enemy No. 1” John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.

1937 – US Senate rejects FDR’s proposal to enlarge Supreme Court.

1942 – Gasoline rationing using coupons begins.

1943 – US forces led by General George Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily.

1955 – Richard Nixon becomes the first Vice President to preside over a cabinet meeting.

1960 – Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories.

1975 – US House of Representatives votes to restore citizenship to General Robert E. Lee.

1983 – Dick Smith makes 1st solo helicopter flight around the world.

1987 – US began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf.

1991 – Jeffrey Dahmer confesses to killing 17 men in 1978.

1995 – Susan Smith found guilty of drowning her two children in South Carolina.

2003 – Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein’s sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay’s 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.

2016 – Hillary Clinton announces Virginia Senator Tim Kaine as her Vice Presidential running mate.

2017 – 10 die in over-heated tractor-trailer in San Antonio, Texas in human-trafficking incident.

2018 – US President Donald Trump threatens Iran in an all-caps tweet of “consequences” in response to speech by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.