1893 – Katharine Lee Bates writes “America the Beautiful” in Colorado.
1921 – US Open Men’s Golf, Columbia CC: Englishman Jim Barnes wins the 3rd of his 4 major titles by 9 strokes ahead of runners-up Walter Hagen and Fred McLeod.
1933 – Wiley Post completes the 1st solo flight round the world, takes 7 days and 19 hours.
1934 – Outside Chicago’s Biograph Theater, “Public Enemy No. 1”, John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
1937 – US Senate rejects FDR’s proposal to enlarge Supreme Court.
1942 – Gasoline rationing using coupons begins.
1943 – US forces led by General George S. Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily.
1959 – Ed Wood’s cult classic “Plan 9 Outer Space”, called one of the worst films ever, premieres.
1960 – Cuba nationalizes all US-owned sugar factories.
1962 – 1st US Venus probe, Mariner 1, fails at lift-off.
1967 – Atlanta Braves establish MLB record for number of pitchers called upon in one inning: 5 used in 9th inning of 5-4 defeat to St. Louis Cardinals.
1973 – US Open Women’s Golf, CC of Rochester: Susie Maxwell Berning wins by 5 from Gloria Ehret & Shelley Hamlin for her third national title.
1983 – Dick Smith makes 1st solo helicopter flight around the world.
1986 – US House of Representatives impeach Judge Harry D. Claiborne for tax evasion.
1991 – Jeffrey Dahmer confesses to killing 17 men in 1978.
1994 – Former NFL running back, broadcaster and actor O.J. Simpson pleads “Absolutely 100% Not Guilty” of murder.
1995 – Susan Smith found guilty of drowning her two children in South Carolina.
2003 – Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein’s sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay’s 14 year old son, and a bodyguard.
2017 – 10 die in over-heated tractor trailer in San Antonio, Texas in human-trafficking incident.
2018 – US President Donald Trump threatens Iran in an all-caps tweet of “consequences” in response to speech by Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.
2020 – California passes New York total for COVID-19 cases (415,763 vs 415,094), though NY death toll much higher.