1848 – Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam.
1867 – Congress first approves building of Lincoln Memorial.
1912 – Captain Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary “the end cannot be far”
1932 – Jack Benny debuts on radio, on Ed Sullivan’s New York interview program.
1940 – Joe Louis KOs Johnny Paycheck in 2 to retain heavyweight boxing title.
1941 – 3rd NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: Wisconsin beats Washington State, 39-34; Badgers’ forward John Kotz is named Tournament Most Outstanding Player.
1943 – Meat (784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI’s), butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II.
1945 – Movie star Jimmy Stewart is promoted to full colonel, one of the few Americans to rise from private to colonel in four years.
1951 – American citizens Julius and Ethel Rosenberg are convicted and sentenced to death for conspiracy to commit espionage for the Soviet Union.
1959 – “Some Like It Hot”, directed by Billy Wilder and starring Marilyn Monroe, Tony Curtis, and Jack Lemmon, is released in NYC.
1961 – 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington, D.C. residents to vote in presidential elections.
1971 – 1st Lt William L Calley Jr found guilty in My Lai (Vietnam) massacre.
1974 – Mariner 10’s, 1st fly-by of Mercury, returns photos.
1978 – “The Carol Burnett Show” last airs on CBS in the US, having won 25 Emmy Awards.
1982 – 44th NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship: North Carolina beats Georgetown, 63-62; Tar Heels’ future Hall of Fame small forward James Worthy named Tournament Most Outstanding Player.
1984 – NFL Baltimore Colts move to Indianapolis.
1989 – Michael Milken, junk bond king, indicted in NY for racketeering.
1996 – Cleveland Browns choose new name, Baltimore Ravens.
2005 – “We Belong Together” single is released by Mariah Carey (Grammy Awards for Best R&B Song and Best Female R&B Vocal Performance 2006, Billboard Song of the Year 2005.
2017 – Ivanka Trump assumes an unpaid position as Advisor to the President, Donald Trump.