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1814 – “Star Spangled Banner” published as a song, lyrics by Francis Scott Key, turn by John Stafford Smith.

1873 – Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal.

1904 – Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II.

1913 – US Open Men’s Golf, The Country Club: 20-year old amateur Francis Ouimet wins his only Open title in an 18-hole playoff, 5 strokes ahead of Britons Harry Vardon & Ted Ray.

1922 – St. Louis Cardinals future Baseball Hall of Fame infielder Rogers Hornsby end hitting streak of 33 games.

1946 – Winston Churchill argues for a ‘United States of Europe’

1953 – Cubs Ernie Banks hits his 1st major league HR.

1961 – African-American student James Meredith is refused enrollment to the segregated University of Mississippi.

1963 – JFK proposes a joint US-Soviet voyage to the moon.

1969 – Virtual band Archies’ single “Sugar, Sugar” hits #1.

1973 – Billy Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match.

1979 – Lii Iacocca is elected president of Chrysler Corporation.

1981 – Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giants record 55 yard field goal.

1987 – Chicago running back Walter Payton scores his NFL record 107th rushing touchdown in the Bears’ 20-3 victory over Tanpa Bay.

1992 – Space Shuttle STS-47 (Endeavour 2) lands.

1997 – Yanks clinch 37th appearance in post season, 3rd consecutive.

2011 – The United States ends its “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy, allowing gay man and women to serve openly in the military for the first time.

2013 – Alex Rodriquez sets MLB record with 24 Grand Slam home runs for the New York Yankees.

2017 – US Federal Reserve says it will unwind its bond portfolio employed in wake of the financial crisis.

2021 – Pfizer announces they have developed a safe COVID-19 vaccine for 5-11 year old with the dose 1/3 of the strength.

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