1838 – Fire destroys half of Charleston, SC.
1861 – West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (US Civil War)
1877 – Rutherford B. Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction begins.
1911 – Following the resignation and death of William P. Frye, a compromise is reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the United States State Senate.
1929 – Ryder Cup Golf, Moortown GC: Great Britain beats US, 7-5 in bitterly cold and snowy conditions.
1937 – 1st US social security payment made.
1942 – Tornado destroys Pryor, Oklahoma, killing 100, injuring 300.
1946 – 1st radar installed aboard a commercial ship.
1956 – Undefeated world heavyweight boxing champion Rocky Marciano, retires from the ring.
1961 – NFL officially recognizes Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio.
1965 – RC Duncan patents “Pampers” disposable diaper.
1972 – Apollo 16 returns to Earth.
1981 – Xerox PARC introduces the computer mouse.
1983 – Nolan Ryan becomes strikeout king (3,509), passing Walter Johnson.
1984 – Over 70 inches of snow falls on Red Lake, Montana.
1989 – Mandatory seatbelt law goes into effect in Italy.
1994 – Former US President Richard Nixon buried in Nixon Library in California.
2011 – The deadliest day of the 2011 Super outbreak of tornadoes, the largest tornado outbreak, in United States history.
2011 – U.S. President Barack Obama, coerced by incessant false “birther” accusations, publicly releases a copy of his birth certificate.
2019 – Pope Francis donates $500,000 for migrants stranded in Mexico trying to reach the US.