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This Day in History For July 31

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This Day In History1790 – 1st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.

1809 – 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn), Philadelphia.

1849 – Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon.

1864 – Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers.

1893 – Henry Perky patents shredded wheat.

1912 – US government prohibits movies & photos of prize fights (censorship).

1922 – 18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world’s 1st water skis (Minnesota).

1932 – George Washington quarter goes into circulation.

1948 – US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY.

1953 – Department of Health, Education & Welfare created.

1966 – Alabamans burn Beatle products due to John Lennon’s anti-Jesus remark.

1970 – Chet Huntley retires from NBC, ends “Huntley-Brinkley Report”

1973 – Delta Airlines DC-9 crashes in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone survivor dies 6 months later.

1978 – Pete Rose ties NL record hitting streak at 44.

1983 – 38th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Jan Stephenson.

1988 – Last Playboy Club closes in Lansing, Michigan.

1991 – Senate votes to allow women to fly combat aircraft.

1999 – Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector – NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon’s surface.

2002 – Polaroid Corporation is purchased by One Equity Partners, creating a new company that now operates under the Polaroid Corporation name, launching a new era for Polaroid.

2014 – The US agree to resupply arms to Israel – including rocket launchers, mortar rounds, grenades – despite condemnation of civilian casualties in Gaza.