this day in history
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1899 – First auto repair shop opens in Boston, Massachusetts.

1915 – Thomas Edison invents Telescribe to record telephone conversations.

1916 – US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker.

1928 – Record 12 future Baseball Hall of Fame players take the field as the New York Yankees beat the Philadelphia Athletics 9-7 at Shibe Park. Managers Miller Huggins and Connie Mack and umpire Tom Connolly also were inducted into the Hall of Fame.

1935 – First major league night baseball game in Cincinnati with the Reds beating Philadelphia 2-1.

1951 – Racial segregation in Washington, D.C. restaurants ruled illegal.

1954 – IBM announces vacuum tube “electronic” brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour.

1957 – Anti-American riots break out in Taipei, Taiwan.

1958 – United Press Association and International News Service merge to form United Press International.

1962 – Astronaut Scott Carpenter, aboard Aurora 7, orbits the Earth three times in a flight just under five hours.

1964 – The Beatles’ 4th appearance on “The Ed Sullivan Show,” features an interview and pre-recorded performance of “You Can’t Do That.”

1974 – “The Dean Martin Show” last aired on NBC TV.

1978 – Management consultant Marilyn Loden first coins the term “glass ceiling” to describe invisible career barriers for women.

1983 – Supreme Court rules that the government can deny tax breaks to schools that racially discriminate against students.

1989 – “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade,” directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Harrison Ford and produced by George Lucas’ Lucasfilms, premieres.

1997 – Telstar-5 Proton launched successfully.

2001 – The Democrats gain control of the Senate for the first time since 1994 when Senator James Jeffords of Vermont abandons the Republican Party and declares himself an independent.

2016 – Bill Cosby is ordered to stand trial in a sexual assault case in Norristown, Pennsylvania.

2018 – President Donald Trump cancels summit with North and South Korea because of hostile statements from North Korea.

2023 – Florida Governor Ron DeSantis’ launch of his bid to the Republican presidential nomination on Twitter is marred by glitches and outages.

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