1857 – Timothy Alder of New York patents a typesetting machine.
1912 – Boston Red Sox pitcher “Smoky” Joe Wood ties Major League Baseball record of 16 straight wins with a 2-1 victory over St. Louis Browns at Sportsman’s Park.
1914 – US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico.
1928 – Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza.
1938 – Only time brothers hit back-to-back home runs (Lloyd & Paul Waner, Pittsburgh)
1942 – US aircraft carrier Wasp torpedoed at Guadalcanal.
1945 – A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at Naval Air Station Richmond.
1949 – “Lone Ranger” premieres on ABC-TV, Hi-yo, Silver! Away!
1951 – “Gentlemen Prefer Blonds” closes at Ziegfeld in New York City after 740 performances.
1960 – Maurice Richard announces his retirement. He finished his career with 544 goals, an NHL record at the time.
1961 – 61st US Golf Amateur Championship won by 21-year-old Jack Nicklaus.
1966 – President Lyndon B. Johnson, responding to a sniper attack at the University of Texas at Austin, writes a letter to Congress urging the enactment of gun control legislation.
1970 – Decca awards Bing Crosby a second platinum disc for selling 300 million records.
1978 – Los Angeles Dodgers become 1st major league team to draw 3 million fans.
1987 – Pope John Paul II arrives in Los Angeles for a two-day papal visit and addresses U.S. entertainment leaders.
1995 – St. Louis Cardinals shortstop Ozzie Smith sets record of 1,554 double plays.
1996 – Texas Rangers retire their 1st number, Nolan Ryan’s #34.
2011 – Ford Motor Company closes St. Thomas Assembly automobile plant in Southwold, Ontario, after 44 years resulting in the loss of roughly 1,400 jobs.
2021 – SpaceX launches the first all-civilian spaceflight from Cape Canaveral, Florida, for three-day orbit around Earth.
2022 – Tennis great Roger Federer announces his retirement from professional tennis at 41 with 20 grand slam wins and 103 ATP titles.